음력에 의하면 오늘은 음력으로 제 15 날은 정월 대보름이라고 아는데 대보름은 음력으로 첫 보름달이 뜨는 날이예요. 대보름에는 개인의 건강과 행복과 풍년을 기원하며 악을 쫓는 관습이 있었어요. 이날은 부럼을 깨물고 더위를 파는가 하면 귀를 밝게 한다는 귀밝이술을 마시기도 해요. 또한 다섯 가지 곡물로 만든 오곡밥과 여러 가지 나물을 먹어요.
Today happens to be Jeongwol Daeboreum, the 15th day of the New Year according to the Lunar calendar, and daeboreum means the day of the first full moon of the lunar year. Customs associated with daeboreum express wishes for health, happiness, an abundant harvest (as an agricultural society in the past, believed that the moon represented abundance and prosperity), and protection from evil spirits. Activities of the day include “cracking bureum” (bureum has to be hard-shelled nuts like chestnuts, walnuts and peanuts specially eaten on this day, with the chewing and cracking sound believed to guard oneself against boils, like the sound of bursting boils) and relieving oneself from the heat by drinking a brew called gwibalgisul, which means “alcohol that sharpens the ears” (and it is believed that if one drink this alcohol on this day, one will have good hearing, good ear health and only hear good news during the year!). Other foods eaten on daeboreum include ogokbap, or ‘five-grain rice,’ and seasoned greens.
옛날에 긴 겨울동안 식품을 부족하기 때문에 사람들이 영양실조 시달렸어요. 그래서 대보름에 찹쌀, 차수수, 팥, 차조, 콩 등 다섯 가지 곡식을 섞어 지은 오곡밥과 겨울 전에 햇볕에 말린 나물을 같이 먹었어요.
In the past, people would often suffer from malnutrition or a lack of sustenance during the course of a lengthy winter when food was not always readily available. In response to this situation, on the first full moon of the year, Koreans would eat five-grain rice prepared with various vegetables that had been dried in the sun prior to the onset of winter. Glutinous rice, barley, azuki beans, foxtail millet, and soy beans are mixed and cooked to make ogokbap.
하지만 지역 각색과 시간이 지나면서 원래의 오곡밥이 좀 변했어요. 요즘 오곡밥은 찹쌀과 아무 네 곡식을 짓어요.
However, regional adaptations and changes over time brought about variations of the original concept of five grains. Nowadays, ogokbap refers to steamed rice cooked with any other four grains, without regard to the traditional grains of the past.
Also, a very interesting custom and traditional games played during daeboreum can be found here!